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Public Health

Posted on: December 19, 2018

Public Health's Minority Health Program Releases 2018 Minority Health Assessment Report

NEWS ALERT

The City of Portland Public Health Division’s Minority Health Program is pleased to announce the publication of its 2018 Minority Health Assessment Report.  The assessment was administered through a survey (orally translated) to participants selected through non-random quota sampling.  With multiple entry points in each community to access the widest range of respondents among Cumberland County’s ethnic communities, eleven cultural and linguistic groups were captured.  The health assessment questionnaires were developed from community and clinical partners’ feedback from a previous CHA survey implemented in 2014.

“We are very excited and proud to share the results of our 2018 Minority Health Assessment; 1,076 assessments were conducted between January and May, 2018 from groups chosen based on Cumberland County demographic population sizes, and their unique vulnerability in accessing public and clinical health services,” said Nélida R. Berke, Minority Health Program Coordinator. The report shares results from these communities: East African; Central African; Middle East and West/Central Asian; Russian; Chinese; Southeast Asian; South American; Mexican, Central American, and the Caribbean; the United States; and the Balkan Region.   

“The MHA is a great opportunity for us to connect directly to our area’s ethnic communities and to gain a greater understanding of their needs. Having this information allows us to serve them in a meaningful, effective, and impactful way, by helping us gain valuable insights that we would never have been able to access otherwise. It guides our outreach and programming for years to come,” said Brendan Johnson, Caucasian-English Speaking Community Health Outreach Worker (CHOW), who implemented the survey among low-income community members. 

Overall, residents rated both themselves and their community as “healthy.”  In addition, respondents rated overall, the top three most important factors for a healthy community as: low crime/safe neighborhoods, good place to raise children, and access to health care. The top three most important health problems in the community were diabetes, dental problems, and high blood pressure, while, the top three most important risky behaviors in the community were alcohol abuse, drug abuse, and unhealthy housing behaviors. The top three most important health problems or risky behaviors for respondents overall were stress, dental problems, and aging.

The Minority Health Program (MHP) will use this survey information to: evaluate gaps in health services; improve our services and communication with community members and organizations addressing health needs; determine health issues that community members identified as most important; identify resources according to individual community needs; modify existing programs or develop new programs to address emerging health needs;  and inform communities of existing resources to address their health concerns.  For community-specific data, and more details, a full report is available on the City of Portland Public Health Division’s Minority Health Program (MHP) Website and disseminated widely. 

The City would like to thank the 15 CHOWs involved in this project and their communities of focus.

2018 Minority Health Report & Summary